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The Most Common Mental Health Problems

itzmejyoti

May 27, 2020, 6:54 a.m.

The most common mental health problems

Mental health problems among individuals are increasing continuously. More people are involved in social media platforms or to the techno world, the more they are isolating themselves. Having any kind of mental health problem is kind of normal nowadays. The most common mental health problems are depression and anxiety disorder which further can be categorized as generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder(OCD), panic disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder(PTSD).

 

There are many kinds of mental health problems, but these are the most common ones and one out of six adults has one of these mental health problems. Let’s discuss how one can find that he or she is going through one of these issues. 

 

MENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS AND THEIR SYMPTOMS 

DEPRESSION:

Depression is the most common mental health issue, here, the person started feeling low, losing interest and happiness in the activities that were once enjoyable. These things can be combined with feeling irritable, tired all the time, wailing. The person might feel changes in appetite and problems in memory, concentration, and sleep.

Symptoms of Depression:

 

  • Loss of interest in activities you enjoy doing once.

  • Mood swings, irritability.

  • Lack of sexual desires or sexual interest.

  • Insomnia, restless sleep, or changes in sleep patterns, sleeping too much.

  • Thoughts of suicide.

PANIC DISORDER:

Almost one out of 10 adults go through panic disorder. The main symptoms of panic disorder are having unexpected and recurring panic attacks. This mostly happens because of having any particular situation that one is stressing about or wants to avoid. The prime symptom of panic disorder is the increased heart rate. This also leads to having certain phobias, like agoraphobia, it’s a fear of being in a place or in a situation that is difficult to escape from.

Symptoms of Panic Disorder:

 

  • Sense of danger or impending doom

  • Fear of death or loss of control.

  • Rapid heart rate

  • Shaking and trembling

  • Tightening in throat or shortness of breath

  • Headache or chest pain

GENERALIZED ANXIETY DISORDER:

Generalized anxiety disorder(GAD) can affect your daily life. One of the symptoms of this is having excessive worry and ongoing different anxieties about a particular situation. This is about exaggerated worries and anxieties for ongoing daily life events for no obvious reasons. This makes the person irritable, and difficult to react to normal life events. Muscle tension, losing concentration are the most common symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder.
 

Symptoms of Generalized Anxiety Disorder:

  • Problems in handling uncertainty

  • Fear of making wrong decisions

  • Feeling restless, inability to get relax

  • Thinking of solutions to all possible worst situations

  • Overthinking plans


OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE DISORDER(OCD):

Obsessions mean having images, impulses, and thoughts that keep coming in mind and are difficult to avoid, and compulsions mean a strong feeling that a person has to perform a certain physical activity and mental processes. Being afraid of stains, dirt, uncleanliness, and germs, anxious about something is not safe like some electric appliances, wanting most of the things in a particular order are included in most common obsessions. The most common compulsions are excessive cleaning and washing, repeating a specific act, keeping things in a particular pattern or order, checking things repeatedly, etc. These are the symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder(OCD).
 

Symptoms of OCD:

 

  • Fear of losing control

  • Fear of harming yourself or others

  • Excessive focus on moral ideas

  • The idea of keeping everything in particular patter or “just right”

  • Excessive double-checking on everything, such as switches, appliances.

  • Spending a lot of time in cleaning and washing.


POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER(PTSD):

PTSD includes psychological and physical symptoms of stressing about the event that already happened.  Reliving any particular moment from the past is the most common symptom of post-traumatic stress disorder, this also includes shaking and sweating.
 

Symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder:

 

  • Negative changes in mood

  • Negative thinking

  • Self-destructive behaviors like smoking or drinking too much

  • Changes in emotional and physical reactions

  • Aggressive behavior, anger outbursts.


Levels of these mental health problems can be described as mild, moderate, and severe conditions.

Mild, a person has a lesser number of symptoms that do not affect their daily life activities when he or she has mild mental health problems.

 

Moderate, a person affects his/her daily life more than usual when he/she has moderate mental health problems and has more symptoms of these,

 

Severe, a severe mental health problem happens when someone has a lot of symptoms of mental health problems that affect his/her daily life majorly and make their life extremely difficult to live.

 

Mental health problems are a less discussed topic in society. If you find any person going through this, or have any symptoms, you can help them heal this process and can make their life easy to live. Almost one out of six adults in this world are suffering through any of these mental health problems and think about ending his or her life. We need to step up and help these people so as to make their life happier to live. Observer your friend, colleague, or your family member or any known person, he or she might be going through these, you can observe these symptoms of mental health problems and can give direction to the beautiful life ahead.

These mental health problems are curable and one can be healed, there are a lot of processes and techniques through which this can be treated, we need to look towards them and follow with discipline. This is our right to live our lives in a beautiful way.

Live long, stay positive!

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